Fourth Commandment
Take a day off in the week

7

Jesus His Commandment

  • Take a day off in the week
  • Mark 2:23-28 And it came to pass, that he went through the corn fields on the sabbath day; and his disciples began, as they went, to pluck the ears of corn. And the Pharisees said unto him, Behold, why do they on the sabbath day that which is not lawful? And he said unto them, Have ye never read what David did, when he had need, and was an hungred, he, and they that were with him? How he went into the house of God in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and did eat the shewbread, which is not lawful to eat but for the priests, and gave also to them which were with him? And he said unto them, The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath: Therefore the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

    This Primary Bible reference is a unique Bible reference according to the words of Jesus, which best summarizes the commandment.

Negative commandments:
  • The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath
Commandment category: Fourth Commandment

All Jesus His Commandments can be grouped into the Ten Commandments from the Old Testament (Exodus 20).

Direct Bible References

Extra direct Bible references which expands or explain the same commandment.

  • Exodus 31:16-17 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant. It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed. (Author: 'Moses')
  • Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them. (Author: 'HEERE')
  • Romans 14:5-7 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind. He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard it. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks. For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself. (Author: 'Paul')
  • Colossians 2:16-17 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days: Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ. (Author: 'Paul')

Indirect Bible References

Extra, more indirect Bible references, relating to the same commandment.

  • Isaiah 58:13-14 ¶ If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it. (Author: 'Isaiah')

OT Law Bible References

Old Testament Law Bible references which will relate to OT Commandments (Jewish tradition teached that there are 613 commandments or mitzvot in the Torah).

  • Exodus 12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. (OT Law nr: '296', Rambam Title: 'To rest on the first day of Passover', Rambam Coding: 'CCA25' )
  • Exodus 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. (OT Law nr: '31', Rambam Title: 'To sanctify Shabbat', Rambam Coding: 'CCA19' )
  • Exodus 20:10-11 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. (OT Law nr: '32', Rambam Title: 'Not to do work on Shabbat', Rambam Coding: 'CCN6' )
  • Exodus 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed. (OT Law nr: '83', Rambam Title: 'To rest on Shabbat', Rambam Coding: 'CCA20' )
  • Exodus 34:21 ¶ Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest. (OT Law nr: '83', Rambam Title: 'To rest on Shabbat', Rambam Coding: 'CCA20' )
  • Leviticus 23:7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. (OT Law nr: '296', Rambam Title: 'To rest on the seventh day of Passover', Rambam Coding: 'CCA25' )
  • Leviticus 23:8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. (OT Law nr: '298', Rambam Title: 'To rest on the seventh day of Passover', Rambam Coding: 'CCA27' )
  • Leviticus 23:21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations. (OT Law nr: '306', Rambam Title: 'To rest on Shavu'ot', Rambam Coding: 'CCA28' )
  • Leviticus 23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath. (OT Law nr: '311', Rambam Title: 'To rest on the Yom Kippur', Rambam Coding: 'CCA31' )

Duplicate Bible References

Another Bible reference to more or less the same as the primary, direct or indirect, with not much new information, although it will confirm the same Bible references:


Please click on the Bible Reference to show its corresponding text.

Study Bible References

Extra Bible references (most often larger parts of Bible books) which are good for extra study on this commandment:


Please click on the Bible Reference to show its corresponding text.


Legend

Bible verses copyright: PUBLIC DOMAIN except in the United Kingdom, where a Crown Copyright applies to printing the KJV. See http://www.cambridge.org/about-us/who-we-are/queens-printers-patent


  • A related Bible reference to the commandment which is negative, something you should not do
  • A related Bible reference to the commandment which is both positive and negative
  • A related Bible reference to the commandment which is positive, something you should do or learn from
  • A related Bible reference to the commandment which is not yet determined positive or negative
  • Author: Indicates the known author from this Bible reference
  • OT Law nr: Jewish tradition teached that there are 613 commandments or mitzvot in the Torah. We list the Number, based on a chronological order (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numeri, Deuteronomium).
  • Rambam Title: This is the commandment, as an interpretation of Rambam (commonly known as Maimonides)
  • Rambam Coding: The coding refers to the commandments layout of Rambam. Rabbi Chafetz Chayim wrote a book with all the commandments which can still be observed today. The book is called 'The Concise Book of Mitzvoth'
    • CCA means a positive mitzwe (which can now also be carried out outside of Israel).
    • CCN is the negative mitzwe (which can now also be carried out outside of Israel).
    • CCI means that this mitzvah can only be performed in the State of Israel.

Who came up with this "613 Mitzvot"?

Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon, His full name was Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon. His name formed the acronym as "The Rambam" was born on the 14th of Nisan 4895 (30th March 1135) and he died on the 20th of Tevet of 4965 (Dec. 13 1204). The Rambam was one of the most saught after individuals of his time. Not only as a Halachic authority, but also within the secular world of kings and sultans, for his vast knowledge of secular medecines was outstanding. When writting the Mishna Torah, Ramban reviewed the Torah's Mitzvot, and he itemized them. He seperated the positive and negative mitzvot, listed them, all 613, and discussed them.

Drawings

Jenske Visser -

Artist: Jenske Visser

Questions

Share your hearts together by discussing the following questions:
  • Is there anything you don't understand within this commandment?
  • Wat appeals to you about all Bible references and resources?
  • How do you apply this commandment in your life or do you experience any boundaries?

Sermons

119 Ministries - The Sabbath Day

We've all been told that the Sabbath is now on Sunday. But how many of us have truly tested that? Have we truly examined the basis of this belief? Or have we just blindly accepted what we have been taught over the years based on the interpretations of man's views of the scriptures that have been passed down through the generations? We at 119 Ministries present this examination of the scriptures regarding the one day that was given as a sign and covenant for those who choose to follow our Heavenly Father.